Those looking to take courses in the United States from other countries will increase barriers to cross to get accepted into the school of their choice. Extra testing is one of these. If you are looking to enroll in a study program in the United States, but English is not your native language, you need to be aware of basic tests you will be asked to take. This may include a test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).
What TOEFL test
The TOEFL test is designed to determine whether you can speak sufficient English to enroll in the program. You will be asked to read, listen to, understand and write in English to pass the exam. This is a test of 6,000 organizations in over 130 countries choose when determining whether or not the applicant can speak fluent English.
The first part of the test contains 50 questions aural understanding. You will be asked to listen to various spoken sections, such as a class lecture or the passage read. It must be read as spoken by North American English speakers. You will then answer questions about what you heard. The second part of the test is 40 questions structure and written section. This tests whether you can recognize the correct structure of written English. The reading comprehension section includes 50 questions based on the non-technical, college-level readings. Finally, you will be asked to write on a particular topic way to judge your ability to write in English. Each of these sections is timed, so you must be pretty adept at reading and understanding English.
Who needs to take this test
The TOEFL is designed to test whether you can understand and use English as spoken in America at the college level. While you can be a great English-speaking, attending classes requires more understanding and speaking ability but conversational English. All not native who will attend an English-speaking university can take this test, it may be required for entry. It is a good idea for those pursuing both undergraduate and graduate degrees, some graduate schools accept students who graduate from an English-speaking program for undergrad degrees without their results. Results from the study are valid for two years after testing the first score.
What GRE test
According to the Educational Testing Service, which operates both the TOEFL and GRE tests, GRE is designed to test the “verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills.” This may be subject to specific or general, depending on the test vote. The test is designed for students who are applying for graduate programs. It is designed for native English speakers.
The test is unique in the fact that it is a computerized adaptive test. This means the computer adjusts the questions given test taker based on whether or not the first question is answered correctly. This allows the test to give a score with fewer questions.
Who needs to take this test
The GRE is required by many English-speaking colleges and universities that have graduate programs. It is used to help “level the playing field” for candidates graduate, as it is designed to provide accurate, unbiased measure of the ability level of the applicant.
You may need to take this test and submit your scores if you are planning to attend grad school, regardless of your English-speaking ability. A minimum score may be required for your field of choice. Some programs only look at certain sections of the test, such as quantitative reasoning section for math program, but you need to take the entire test if the school requires that scores for admission to graduate school.
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